Conjugation of German verbs at present tense (Examples)


Conjugation of german verbs. (present tense) Konjugation der Verben. (Gegenwart)

The conjugation of regular german verbs (present)

Schwache Verbkonjugation. (Gegenwart)

The conjugation is realised by adding the following endings to the root of the verb

· -e” - 1st person singular

· -(e)st” - 2nd person singular

·  „-(e)t” - 3rd person singular

·  -en“ - 1st person plural

·  „-(e)t“ - 2nd person plural

· -en“ - 3rd person plural

lernen = to learn

lernen - infinitive form of the verb

lernen - lern - the root of the verb

Singular

Plural

Person I

ich lerne = I learn

wir lernen = we learn

Person II

du lernst = you learn

ihr lernt = you learn

Person III

er, sie, es lernt = he, she, it learns

 

sie lernen = they learn

 

Sie lernen = you learn (polite pronoun)

Very important: "Ich lerne" can be translated with "I learn" and also with "I am learning", both translations are right! This applies for all verbs conjugated in present tense for all persons and both numbers (singular and plural).

bauen = to construct

We will translate this conjugation in english with the help of the auxiliary verb "to be"

Singular

Plural

Person I

ich baue = I am constructing

wir bauen = we are constructing

Person II

du baust = you are constructing

ihr baut = you are constructing

Person III

er, sie, es baut = he, she, it is constructing

 

sie bauen = they are constructing

 

Sie bauen = you are constructing (polite pronoun)

 

spielen = to play

 

Singular

Plural

Persoana I

ich spiele = I am playing

wir spielen = we are playing

Persoana a II-a

du spielst you are playing

ihr spielt = you are playing

Persoana a III-a

er, sie, es spielt = he, she, it is playing

 

sie spielen = they are playing

 

Sie spielen = you are playing (polite pronoun)

 

The same way areconjugated all the regular verbs. Some examples: sagen (to say), warten (to wait), fragen (to question), springen (to jump), machen (to do), spielen (to play), suchen (to search), tanzen (to dance), kochen (to cook), besichtigen (to visit) etc.

There is a category of verbs in the frame of regular verbs wich conjugation is made a bit differently This verbs, after the elimination of the ending "-en", if they are ending in “t”, “d”,” m” or “n” we introduce the vowel "e" between the root and the endings. This applies only for 2nd and 3rd person - singular, and 2nd person - plural

Examples of this kind of verbs: antworten = to answer; arbeiten = to work; atmen = to breathe; begegnen = to meet; beobachten = to observe; bilden = toformulate; bitten = to invite; finden = to find; heiraten = to marry; mieten = to rent; öffnen = to open; rechnen = to calculate; reden = to speak; retten = to save; trocknen = to get dry; warten = to wait; zeichnen = to draw etc.

 

Let's conjugate the verb  “arbeiten” = to work

The rule is the following (it only applies for 2nd and 3rd person singular and 2nd person plural:

arbeiten + e + an ending from above for each pronoun singular and plural

Singular

Plural

Person I

ich arbeite = I am working

wir arbeiten = we are working

Person II

du arbeitest = you are working

ihr arbeitet = you are working

Person III

er, sie, es arbetet = he, she, it is working

 

sie arbeiten= they are working

 

Sie arbeiten = you are working (polite pronoun)

 

The same way with „warten“ = to wait

Singular

Plural

Person I

ich warte = I am waiting

wir warten = we are waiting

Person II 

du wartest = you are waiting

ihr wartet = you are waiting

Person III

er, sie, es wartet = he, she, is is waiting

 

sie warten= they are waiting

 

Sie warten = you are waiting (polite pronoun)

 

reden = to talk


Singular

Plural

Person I

ich rede = I am talking

wir reden = we are talking

Person II

du redest = you are talking

ihr redet = you are talking

Person III

er, sie, es redet = he, she, it is talking

 

sie reden= they are talking

 

Sie reden = you are talking (polite pronoun)

 

 

The conjugation of regular german verbs (present)

Konjugation der unregelmäßigen Verben. (Gegenwart)

- during the conjugation we use the same endings as in the case of regular verbs

-    during the conjugation it takes place a vowel change in the root of the verb at 2nd and 3rd person singular

Examples of irregular verbs: (“haben” and “sein” - the most important), sehen (to see), essen (to eat), helfen (to help), geben (to give), sprechen (to talk), lesen (to read), schlafen (to sleep), fahren (to drive/to travel), nehmen (to take) etc.

sehen = to see

 e → ie


Singular

Plural

Person I

ich sehe = I see

wir sehen = we see

Person II

du siehst = you see

ihr seht = you see

Person III

er, sie, es sieht = he, she, it sees

 

sie sehen= they see

 

Sie sehen = you see (polite pronoun)

 

essen = to eat

 e → i


Singular

Plural

Person I

ich esse = I am eating

wir essen = we are eating

Person II

du isst = you are eating

ihr esst = you are eating

Person III

er, sie, es isst = he, she, it is eating

 

sie essen= they are eating

 

Sie essen = you are eating (polite pronoun)

 

sprechen = to talk/to speak

 i

Singular

Plural

Person I

ich spreche = I am talking

wir sprechen = we are talking

Person II

du sprichst = you are talking

ihr sprecht = you are talking

Person III

er, sie, es spricht = he, she, it is talking

 

sie sprechen= they are talking

 

Sie sprechen = you are talking (polite pronoun)

 

fahren = to drive/to travel

 a → ä


Singular

Plural

Person I

ich fahre = I am driving

wir fahren = we are driving

Person II

du fährst = you are driving

ihr fahrt = you are driving

Person III

er, sie, es fährt = he, she, it is driving

 

sie fahren= they are driving

 

Sie fahren = you are driving (polite pronoun)

 

Try to conjugate other verbs the same way!