Conjugation of German verbs – Future

1. The future (die Zukunft)

a. Expressing the future in german  - Future I (Futur I)

o   it is fomed with the help of the auxiliary verb "werden" (to become) + the infinitive form of the verb we want to conjugate

- it is the most common way to express actions that will happen in the future

- first of all we need to learn the conjugation of the verb "werden"

 

werden = to become (în viitor)

1st person singular

ich werde = I will 

2nd person singular

du wirst = you will 

3rd person singular

er, sie, es wird = he, she, it will 

1st person plural

wir werden = we will 

2nd person plural

ihr werdet = you will

3rd person plural

sie, Sie werden = they will / you will (polite pronoun)

 

spielen = to play

”werden” + infinitive form of verb

”werden” + spielen

spielen = to play

1st person singular

ich werde spielen = I will play

2nd person singular

du wirst spielen = you will play

3rd person singular

er, sie, es wird spielen = he she is will play

1st person plural

wir werden spielen = we will play

2nd person plural

ihr werdet spielen = you will play

3rd person plural

sie, Sie werden spielen = they eill play / you will play (polite pronoun)

The same way for all verbs (both regular and irregular)

b. Exepressing the future in german - future II (Futur II)

o   it is not used in everyday speaking

o   we use it when we talk about an event wich will happen and end in the future

o   it is fomed with "werden" + "haben" or "sein" + the past participle form of the verb we want to conjugate

Let's conjugate a verb with ”haben” in future II:

”werden” + past participle of the verb + ”haben”

bauen = to construct

”werden” + ”ge-” + bauen + ”-t” + ”haben”

bauen = to construct

1st person singular

ich werde gebaut haben = I will have constructed

2nd person singular

du wirst gebaut haben = you will have constructed

3rd person singular

er, sie, es wird gebaut haben = he, she, it will have constructed

1st person plural

wir werden gebaut haben = we will have constructed

2nd person plural

ihr werdet gebaut haben = you will have constructed

3rd person plural

sie, Sie werden gebaut haben = they will have costructed / you will have constructed (polite pronoun)

 

Let's conjugate a verb with ”sein” in future II:

”werden” + past participle of the verb + ”sein”

baden = to bathe

”werden” + ”ge-” + baden + ”-t” + ”sein”

baden = to bathe

1st person singular

ich werde gebadet sein = I will have bathed

2nd person singular

du wirst gebadet sein = you will have bathed

3rd person singular

er, sie, es wird gebadet sein =he, she it will have bathed

1st person plural

wir werden gebadet sein = we will have bathed

2nd person plural

ihr werdet gebadet sein = you will have bathed

3rd person plural

sie, Sie werden gebadet sein = they will have bathed / you will have bathed (polite pronoun)

 

Note! In the case of irregular verbs (future II) a change of vowel is taking place in the root of the verb and the past participle verb is constructed by adding the prefix "ge-" and the ending "-en".

Example:

gehen = to walk

”werden” + ”ge-” + gang + ”-en” + ”sein”

vowel change: e → a

gehen = to walk

1st person singular

ich werde gegangen sein = I will have walked

2nd person singular

du wirst gegangen sein = you will have walked

3rd person singular

er, sie, es wird gegangen sein = he, she, it will have walked

1st person plural

wir werden gegangen sein = we will have walked

2nd person plural

ihr werdet gegangen sein = you will have walked

3rd person plural

sie, Sie werden gegangen sein = they will have walked / you will have walked (polite pronoun)

Sie with capital "S" is a polite pronoun, we use it when we adress to older people, or to people we respect