Exercises with the German definite article


Exercises:

Choose the right answer:

1. Das Buch gehört

des

Mann

den

dem

 

2. Der Regenschirm

des

Frau ist blau.

den

der

 

3. Der Mann befiehlt

der

Hund zu sitzen.

den

dem

 

4. Thomas geht in

der

Schule.

den

die

 

5. Wir sehen uns vor

der

Dom.

den

dem

 

6.    

Die

Apfel ist reif.

Den

Der

 

7.  Wir sehen

der

Bild.

den

das

 

8. Mein Vater wäscht

das

Wagen.

den

dem

 

9. Der Schüler versteht

das

Aufgabe nicht.

den

die

 

10.  Das Auto

das

Nachbarn steht vor unser Haus.

den

der

 

 

 

Rezolvare:

1.   Das Buch gehört dem Mann. (The book belongs to the man.)
> To who belongs the book? To the man. - Dative case. The right answer is "dem", because the noun "der Mann" is of masculine gender.

2.  
Der Regenschirm der Frau ist Blau. (The woman's umbrella is blue.)
> Whose umbrella is blue? The woman's. - Genitive case. The right answer is „der“, because the noun „die Frau“ is of feminine gender.

3.   Der Mann befiehlt dem Hund zu sitzen. (The man orders the dog si sit.)
> To who orders the man to sit? To the dog. - Dative case. The right answer is “dem”, because the noun “der Hund” is of masculine gender.

4.  
Thomas geht in die Schule. (Thomas goes to school.)
> Where to goes Thomas? To school. - Accusative case. The right answer is “die”, because the noun “die Schule” is of feminine gender.

5.   Wir sehen uns vor dem Dom. (We meet in front of the dom)
> Where do we meet? In front of the dom. - Dative case. The right answer is “dem”, because the noun “der Dom” is of masculine gender.

6.   
Der Apfel ist reif. (The apple is ripe)
> What is ripe? The apple. - Nominative case. The right answer is “der”, because the noun “der Apfel” is of masculine gender.

7.  
Wir sehen das Bild. (We see the picture.)
> What do we see? The picture. - Accusative case. The right answer is “das”, because the noun “das Bild” is of neuter gender.

8.  
Mein Vater wäscht den Wagen. (My father is washing the car.)
> What is washing my father? The car. - Accusative case. The right answer is “den”, because the noun “der Wagen” is of masculine gender.

9.  
Der Schüler versteht die Aufgabe nicht. (The student doesn't understand the exercise.)
> What doesn't understand the student? The exercise. - Accusative case. The right answer is “die”, because the noun “die Aufgabe” is of feminine gender.

10.   Das Auto der Nachbarn steht vor unser Haus. (The neighbors' car stands in front of our house.)
> Whose car stands in front of our house? The neighbors'. - Genitive case. The right answer is “der”, because the noun “die Nachbarn” (the neighbors) is of plural number.

NOTE the difference between Accusative and Nominative:

Nominative - The subject of a sentence, that which carries out the action. Accusative - The direct object, that which is acted upon.

Declensions of the definite articles << | >> Pronoun