The feminine gender in German (die)


Feminine gender

All German nouns have to be written with capital letters.

> Example: der Mann (= man), die Frau (= woman), das Kind (= child). 

 

Nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine si neuter.

> The gender is indicated by an article: der, die, das

· der - for masculine gender

· die - for feminine gender

· das - for neuter gender

The article for plural, for all nouns is “die”.

Examples:

Number and gender

Noun

Pluralul, for all genders (masculine, feminine, neuter)

singular, masculine

Der Mann (= man)

Die Männer (= men)

singular, feminine

Die Frau (= woman)

Die Frauen (= women)

singular, neuter

Das Kind (= child)

Die Kinder (= children)

Remember: the gender of nouns in german differ from the gender of the same nouns translated into english.

Examples:
> das Mädchen = girl (in german the noun “das Mädchen” is of neuter gender, as indicated by the article“das”; in english the noun “girl” is of feminine gender) 
> der Tisch = table (in german the noun “der Tisch” is of masculine gender, as indicated by the article “der”; in english the noun “table” is of neuter gender) 
> die Uhr = clock (in german the noun “die Uhr” is of feminine gender, as indicated by the article “die”; in english the noun “clock” is of neuter gender) 

There is no general rule for identifying the gender of a noun in german.

For this reason it is strongly recommended that you learn german nouns with their articles (der, die, das).

 

Despite the difficulties in identifying the gender of a noun, there a few rules:

The feminine gender

Rules

Examples of nouns of feminine gender

Female persons and female names

>

die Julia,

die Frau (= woman),

die Mutter (= mother),

die Dame (= lady)

Exeption:

das Mädchen (= girl, is of neuter gender)

Names of airplanes

>

die Airlines,

die Lufthansa,

die Concorde,

die Boeing,

die Airbus

etc.

Names of fruints

>

die Birne (= pear)

die Banane (= banana)

die Erdbeere (=strawberry)

die Himbeere (= raspberry)

die Melone (= melon),

die Mandarine (= mandarin),

die Erdnuß (= peanut),

die Nuß (= nut),

die Ananas (= pineapple)

Exception:

der Apfel (= apple, is of masculine gender),

etc.

Nouns ending in:

-in,

-heit,

-keit,

-schaft,

-ung,

-tät,

-tion,

-ange,

-ette

-ade

etc

>

 

die Sekretärin (= secretary),

die Krankheit (= disease), die Gesundheit (= health),

die Nettigkeit (= niceness),

die Manschaft (= team),

die Übung (= exercise),

die Universität (= university),

die Lektion (= lesson), die Redaktion (= editorial office),

die Schlange (= snake),

die Wette (= bett),

die Marmelade (= jam, jelly)

etc.

 

The examples above are practical, but there are many exceptions!