The German demonstrative pronoun

The pronoun

Das Pronomen

The demonstrative pronoun.

Das Demonstrativpronomen.

 

1.   The demonstrative pronouns: der, die, das

- translation: this, that, their, his, hers

- not to be confused with the definite article

- they are used in order to avoid the repetition of a noun, a sentence or a phrase.

Example: - Wie findest du die Anne? – Die finde ich sehr hübsch!

(- what is your opinion about Anne? – I find her pretty)

- the pronunciation is accented

The declension is made regarding the gender, number and case.

Remember! The demonstrative pronoun is applied only for 3rd person singular and plural.

Case

person III singular

person III plural

masculine

feminine

neuter

Nominative

der

die

das

die

Accusative

den

die

das

die

Dative

dem

der

dem

denen

Genitive

dessen

deren

dessen

deren/derer

 

In order to integrate the pronoun in a case, we nedd the help of the following questions:

Helping questions for determining the cases:

Nominative case: (wer?), (was?), - The subject of a sentence, that which carries out the action

Cazul acuzativ: (wen?) who?,  (was?) what? - The direct object, that which is acted upon; (wohin?) where to?

Cazul dativ. (wem?) to who?, (wo?) where?

Cazul genitiv. (wessen?) whose?

Examples:

Nominative case:

German

English

welches Auto gefällt dir?das hier!
>

- which car do you like?

- this one!

- welcher Bleistift schreibt besser?
- der neben dem Heft!
>

- which pencil writes better?

- that one, next the notebook!

 

Accusative case:

German

English

- welchen Spieler hast du beim spielen verletzt?
- den mit der blaue Jacke
>

- which player did you harm during the game?

- that one with the blue jacket

- wie heisst der Mann von gestern, den wir in der Stadt getroffen haben?
>

- What's the name of the man from yesterday, that we met in the city

Dative case:

German

English

- ich habe meine Hefte meiner Kollege gegeben, dem mit den langen Haaren.
  >

- I gave my notebooks to a classmate, to that one with the long hair

- in welchem Schrank hast du meine Hosen gestellt?
- in dem an der linke Seite
>

- in which closet did you put my trousers

-    in that one from the left side

Genitive case:

German

English

- FC Bayern, deren Fussballplatz ist größer als unsere
>

- FC Bayern, their stadion is bigger then ours

- wessen von euch gehören diese Stiefel?
- dessen!
>

- Whose of you are this boots?

- his!

 

Remember! ”das” can be used to avoid the repetition of a whole sentence.

Exemplu: Warum parken all diese Autos wo es verboten ist? Das kann ich einfach nicht verstehen.

(Why all this cars are parking where it is against the law? This I can't understand.)

 

2.   The demonstrative pronouns: dieser, diese, dieses / jener, jene, jenes

- translation: this / that

- dieser, diese, dieses – is reffering to an object or beig that is near the speaker

- jener, jene, jenes – is reffering to an object or beig that is away from the speaker or unknown

The declension is made the same way like in the definite articles case.

dies-” + the endings of the definite article

Case

person III singular

person III plural

masculine

feminine

neuter

Nominative

dieser

diese

dieses

diese

Accusative

diesen

diese

dieses

diese

Dative

diesem

dieser

diesem

diesen

Genitive

dieses

dieser

dieses

dieser

jen-” + the endings of the definite article

Case

person III singular

person III plural

masculine

feminine

neuter

Nominative

jener

jene

jenes

jene

Accusative

jenen

jene

jenes

jene

Dative

jenem

jener

jenem

jenen

Genitive

jenes

jener

jenes

jener

Examples:

> Diese grüne Hose finde ich nicht schön, aber jene finde ich gut.

(I don't like this green trousers, but that one is fine)

What don't I like? This trousers. – Nominative case.

What is fine? That one – Nominative case.

 

> Diesen Hund habe ich gestern vor unserem Haus gesehen.

(I saw this dog yesterday in front of our house) What did I see yesterday? This dog. – Accusative case.

 

> Ich habe diese Kätzchen sehr gern, sie sind so süss. 

(I like this cats, they are so cute)

What do I like? This cats. – Accusative case.

> Diesem armen Mann habe ich meine alte Jacke gegeben.

(I gave this poor man my old jacket)

To who did I give my old jacket? This poor man. – Dative case.

 

> Jenem Kind habe ich süßichkeiten zum Halloween gegeben.

(Acelui copil i-am dat dulciuri de Halloween.) (I gave that kid sweets for Halloween)

To who did I give sweets? To that kid. – Dative case.

 

> Die Briefmarkensammlung dieses Mannes ist viel Geld wert.

(This man's stamp collection is very expensive)

Whose stamp collection is very expensive? This man's. – Genitive case.

> Diesen Klassenkamerad habe ich vergessen, aber jenen kenne ich noch.

(I forgot this classmate, but I remember that one.)

Who did I forgot? This classmate. – Accusative case.

Who do I remember? – That one. – Accusative case.

 

 

 3.   The demonstrative pronouns: derjenige, diejenige, dasjenige / derselbe, dieselbe, dasselbe

- translation: the one, that one, that / the same (one)

Declension of derjenige, diejenige, dasjenige:

der, die, das + jenig + the endings of adjectives preceded by a definite article

Case

person III singular

person III plural

masculine

feminine

neuter

Nominative

derjenige

diejenige

dasjenige

diejenigen

Accusative

denjenigen

diejenige

dasjenige

diejenigen

Dative

demjenigen

derjenigen

demjenigen

denjenigen

Genitive

desjenigen

derjenigen

desjenigen

derjenigen

Examples:

> Derjenige der das Glass zerbrochen hat soll es jetzt aufräumen.

(The one who broke the window should clean it up)

Who broke the window? The one. – Nominative case.

 

> Denjenigen Mann kenne ich aus unserer Stadt.

(I know that man from our town.)

Who do I know? That man. – Accusative case.

> Demjenigen habe ich mein Geld gegeben.(I gave the money to that one.)

To who did I give the money? That one. – Dative case.

 

> Desjenigen Hund hat mich gebissen.

(That one's dog bit me.)

Whose dog bit me? That one's. – Genitive case.

 

 

Declention of derselbe, dieselbe, dasselbe:

der, die, das + selbthe endings of adjectives preceded by a definite article

Case

person III singular

person III plural

masculine

feminine

neuter

Nominative

derselbe

dieselbe

dasselbe

dieselben

Accusative

denselben

dieselbe

dasselbe

dieselben

Dative

demselben

derselben

demselben

denselben

Genitive

desselben

derselben

desselben

derselben

Examples:

> Das ist dasselbe Auto das wir in Österreich getroffen haben.

(This is the same car we met in Austria.)

What did we meet in Austria? The same car. – Nominative case.

> Warum fragst du mich immer dasselbe?

(Why are you asking me always the same thing?)

What are you always asking? The same thing. – Nominative case.

> Denselben Lautsprecher habe ich auch bei mir zu Hause.

(I have the same audio device back at my home.)

What do I have back at my home? The same audio device. – Accusative case.

> Demselben Mann mit der Katze gehört auch dieser Hund.

(To The same man who owns the cat also owns this dog.)

To who belongs the dog/cat? To the same man. – Dative case.

 

> Wessen Tasche liegt hier? Derselben Frau die auch gestern hier war.

(Whose pocket lies here? The same woman's which was here yesterday.)

Whose pocket lies here? The same woman's. – Genitive case.