The German verb


The verb

   Das Verb

The verb is a flexible part of speech (it changes it's form) that expresses an action done by a noun or pronoun.

According to their functions there are three types of verbs:

1.   Auxiliary verbs used to express time:
- haben (to have)
- sein (to be)
- werden (to become)
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With their help we can place an action in a certain time (present, past, future)

 

2.   Modal auxiliary verbs:
- können (can, to be able to)
- wollen (will, to want to)
- müssen (must, to have to)
- dürfen (may, to be allowed to)
- sollen (should, to be supposed to)
- mögen (to like, to wish to, to like to)
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The modal verbs are almost always used together with another verb in the infinitive form, this is required to complete the meaning of a sentence.

*Auxiliary verbs are also called "Hilfsverben" (helping verbs)

 

3.   Predicative verbs: essen (to eat), schreiben (to write), lesen (to read), gehen (to walk), fahren (to drive/to travel) etc.  >

Predicative verbs can form on their own the predicate of a sentence.

 

Regarding their conjugation, german verbs are divided in two categories:

1.   regular (weak verbs) - this ones share the same conjugation rule

2.   irregular (strong verbs) - this ones have a special kind of conjugation procedure

 

 List of the most used (common) regular verbs:

abdrehen = to steer
abholen = to transport     aufmachen = to open antworten = to answer
arbeiten = to work
aufhören = to finish
baden = to bathe
beantworten = to answer benutzen = to use
berichten = to anounce bestellen = to order

besuchen = to visit
bilden = to form
brauchen = to need
bummeln = to wander
dauern = to take time
diskutieren = to dicuss
einkaufen = to shop
putzen = to clean

erklären = to explain
erzählen = to tell

feiern = to celebrate fotografieren = to take picture  fragen = to ask  
füttern = to feed 
gehören = to belong   
grüssen = to greet
hoffen = to hope
kaufen = to buy  
kennen lernen = to get known kochen = to cook
lernen = to learn  
lieben = to love
machen = to do
malen = to draw
öffnen = to open

reisen = to travel
sagen  = to say  
schenken = to gift
schicken = to send
spielen = to play
stellen = to put
studieren = to study
suchen = to search
tanzen = to dance
telefonieren = to call
träumen = to dream verheiraten = to marry versuchen = to try
vorbereiten = to prepair warten = to wait
wohnen = to reside
zahlen = to count
reden = to talk

 
 List of the most used (common) irregular verbs:

backen/bäckt = to cook
beginnen = to start
beißen = to bite
betrügen = to betray
bewegen = to move
biegen = to bend
bieten = to offer
bitten = to invite
bleiben = to stay
braten /brät = to fry
brennen = to burn
bringen = to bring denken = to think essen/isst = to eat
fahren = to drive
fallen/fällt = to fall
finden = to find
fliegen = to fly
fließen = to flow
fressen = to feed
frieren = to freeze
geben/gibt = to give
gehen = to walk
genießen = to enjoy
gewinnen = to win
graben/gräbt = to bury

haben/hat = to have
hängen = to hang
heben = to lift
helfen/hilft = to help
kennen = to know
kommen = to come laden = to load lassen/lässt = to leave
laufen/läuft = to run
leihen = to rent
lesen/liest = toread
lügen = to lie
nehmen/nimmt = to take
reißen = to tear
reiten = to ride a horse
rufen = to call
schießen = to shoot
schlafen = to sleep
schlagen = to hit
schließen = to close
schreiben = to write
schweigen = to be silent
schwimmen = to swim
sehen/sieht = to see
sein/ist = to be
singen = to sing
sitzen = to sit

 

springen = to jump
stehen = to stay
stehlen/stiehlt = to steal
steigen = to climb
sterben/stirbt = to die
streiten = to fight
tragen/trägt = to wear
treffen/trifft = to meet
trinken = to drink tun/tut = to do vergessen = to forgett
verlieren = to lose
verschwinden = to disapear
verzeihen = to forgive
wachsen  = to grow
waschen/wäscht = to wash
werden = to become
werfen/wirft = to trow
wissen/weiß = to know
ziehen = to pull