The masculine gender in German (der)

Masculine gender

All German nouns have to be written with capital letters.

> Example: der Mann (= man), die Frau (= woman), das Kind (= child).

 

Nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine si neuter.

The gender is indicated by an article: der, die, das >

· der - for masculine gender

· die - for feminine gender

· das - for neuter gender

The article for plural, for all nouns is “die”.

Examples:

Number and gender

Noun

Plural, for all genders (masculine, feminine, neuter)

singular, masculine Der Mann (= man) Die Männer (=men)
singular, feminine Die Frau (= woman) Die Frauen (=women)
singular, neuter Das Kind (= child) Die Kinder (=children)

Remember: the gender of nouns in german differ from the gender of the same nouns translated into english.

Examples:
> das Mädchen = girl (in german the noun “das Mädchen” is of neuter gender, as indicated by the article“das”; in english the noun “girl” is of feminine gender) 
> der Tisch = table (in german the noun “der Tisch” is of masculine gender, as indicated by the article “der”; in english the noun “table” is of neuter gender) 
> die Uhr = clock (in german the noun “die Uhr” is of feminine gender, as indicated by the article “die”; in english the noun “clock” is of neuter gender) 

There is no general rule for identifying the gender of a noun in german.

For this reason it is strongly recommended that you learn german nouns with their articles (der, die, das).

 

Despite the difficulties in identifying the gender of a noun, there a few rules:

The masculine gender

Rules

Examples of nouns of masculine gender

Names of seasons

>

der Sommer (= summer),

der Winter (= winter),

der Frühling (= spring),

der Herbst (= autumn)

Cardinal points

>

der Norden (= north),

der Süden (= south),

der Westen (= west),

der Osten (= east)

Male persons and male names

>

der Mann (=barbatul),

der Otto (boy name),

der Peter (boy name),

der Dieter (boy name)

Names of the moths

>

der Januar (= January),

der Februar (= February),  

der März (= March),

der April (= April),

der Mai (= May),

der Juni (= June),

der Juli (= July),

der August (= August),

der September (= September),

der Oktober (= October),

der November (= November),

der Dezember (= December)

Days of the week

>

der Montag (= Monday),

der Dienstag (= Tuesday),

der Mittwoch (= Wednesday),

der Donnerstag (= Thursday),

der Freitag (= Friday),

der Samstag (= Saturday),

der Sonntag (= Sunday)

Times of the day

>

der Morgen (= morning),

der Tag (= day),

der Abend (= evening),

der Moment (= moment)

Exceptions:

die Nacht (= night, is of  feminine gender)

das Moment (= moment, could be of masculine gender and also neuter gender)

Weather phenomenons

>

der Schnee (= snow),

der Regen (= rain),

der Wind (= wind)

etc.

Names of drinks

>

der Kaffee (= coffee),

der Tee (= teal),

der Wein (= wine),

der Saft (= juice), der Orangesaft (= orange juice)

Exceptions:

das Bier (= beer, is of neuter gender);

das Wasser (= water, is of neuter gender),

das Mineralwasser (= mineral water, is of neuter gender);

die Milch (= milk, is of feminine gender);

die Limonade (= lemonade, is of feminine gender)

etc.

Most of the nouns ending in

-er,

-el

and

 -en

>

der Vater (= father),

der Computer (= computer),

der Rechner (= calculator),

der Kugelschreiber (= pen),

der Vogel (= bird),

der Sessel (=armchair),

der Esel (= donkey),

der Boden (= floor),

der Rücken (= back, someone‘s back)

Exception:

die Mutter (= mother, is of feminine gender)

etc.

Most of the nuns ending in:

-ismus,

 -ist,

-ant,

-eur,

-or,

-graph,

-ier,

-iker,

-är

 -ent

etc.

>

 

der Nazionalismus (= nationalism),

der Illusionist (= illusionist),

der Repräsentant (= reprezentant),

der Ingenieur (= engineer),

der Doktor (= doctor),

der Photograph (= photographer),

der Kavalier (= knight),

der Politiker (= politician),

der Revolutionär (= revolutionist),

der Student (= student)

etc.

 

The examples above are practical, but there are many exceptions!